Care of the Paralyzed Animal

Unfortunately, spinal damage leading to rear leg paralysis is not an uncommon problem in pets. The animal will be normal from the point of the spinal injury upward and paralyzed from the point of the injury downward. These animals are called colloquially called "downer" animals and have special management needs. Rarely is rear paralysis temporary and management requires commitment. It is not for everyone and it is important to understand what one is getting into; though, for the right owner and patient, management of the "downer" can be rewarding and the human/animal bond can continue.

CLEANLINESS

The "downer" animal is frequently also a victim of urinary and fecal incontinence and, of course, he/she will have limited ability to groom. It is important that the animal be bathed frequently for the sake of your household as well as the animal’s sense of cleanliness. This is obviously more practical for the smaller pet. Expect to have to bathe the animal every few days at least to prevent urine scald on the skin and odor issues.

Do not use zinc oxide based cremes (commonly used for diaper rash) on pets. Zinc oxide is toxic if licked.

Baby Wipes

Baby wipes are especially handy in caring for the downer dog.

Underpads come in assorted sizes and have a padded side and a plastic waterproof side. They are manufactured as a human incontinence product but have many pet related uses.

underpads

When it comes to protecting underlying carpeting or flooring upon which a downer dog is bedded, nothing beats an office chair / floor protector (ot two, side by side, if need be). Towels, blankets, dog bed, food that may spill, etc. can all safely be placed on the protector.

chair protector

Diapers for dogs are available through some of the companies that also make mobility carts. Please view the accessories section at www.k9carts.com, or the many items at www.carealotpets.com (diapers, wraps and piddle pants pictured here).

dog in diapers 1

dog in diapers 2

piddle pants

Another important concern regards the pet outdoors. Urine or fecal odors or damaged skin will attract flies readily. The animal will not be able to shoo flies properly. It only takes an hour on a hot day for fly eggs to turn into tissue eating maggots (a condition called "myiasis"). If the tissues are deeply invaded, death may result. Be sure your pet is not allowed to attract flies.

DogLeggs

DogLeggs® are a therapeutic treatment for the calluses, soreness, swelling, lameness and arthritis

BED SORES AND DAMAGED SKIN FROM DRAGGING

The paralyzed pet will probably have some ability to drag him/herself or change positions somewhat but be aware of sores developing on pressure points. Especially vulnerable areas include: elbows, ankles, and hips. If sores develop, see your vet for care. Special padding or bandage for these areas may be needed.

Special support garments to prevent pressure sores on the elbows and joints of the legs can be ordered through www.dogleggs.com.

Similarly, the paralyzed pet may be very strong in the forelegs and move around with the rear quarters dragging. This can lead to scraped skin, especially if the pet does not have sensation to the rear limbs and cannot feel what would normally be quite painful. Again, be aware of the potential for this type of injury; special bandaging or padding may be needed.

A special harness can be a great help in your ability to move or carry your dog around, letting you keep the front or hind quarters raised when your dog can’t. One company making such harnesses is Animal Suspension Technology at www.petsupportsuit.com. See more of these products below, under Physical Therapy.

orthopedic bed transparentAn orthopedic bed is a crucial investment for the "downer" pet. These beds are designed to protect pressure points from bed sores. If your vet’s office does not sell a product, they should be available through pet supply stores or on line. Outlets with good products include:

 

www.greatcompanions.com

www.inthecompanyofdogs.com

    TIP: When buying an orthopedic bed, be sure it is machine washable.
             Buy a second bed for use while one bed is in the laundry. It will
             not be helpful if only the cover of the bed is washable.

BLADDER CARE AND INFECTION PREVENTION

The "downer" pet is often inefficient at keeping the bladder empty. This strongly predisposes the pet to the development of bladder infection which can ascend to the kidney and cause very big problems. Your pet may need periodic urine cultures to monitor for infection. Check with your vet to see what the recommendation is for your particular pet. Bladder infections are easily eradicated with a simple antibiotic prescription. Some people are able to tell when an infection is present by a change in the odor or coloration of the urine. If you notice any changes, notify your vet at once.

Animals with spinal lesions at the level of the waist or higher will have excessive bladder tone (the so-called “upper motor neuron bladder”). This means that the bladder will require manual expression by pressing or squeezing. Your vet’s staff will show you how to do this. Emptying the bladder should be done a minimum of 3 times daily. If the bladder is allowed to remain over-filled, it will stretch out and become flaccid. After a couple of weeks, the upper motor neuron bladder develops into an “automatic” bladder which means that when it fills, it will empty on its own. If the bladder has over-stretched in the first 2 weeks after the spinal injury it will not be able to empty itself when it develops the neurologic capability to empty later on.

Spinal injuries of the lower back produce a “lower motor neuron bladder” which simply leaks and never has enough tone to fill. It is important not to assume that an animal can empty its own bladder simply because there is urine present in the bedding. The full bladder may simply be over-flowing. Regular emptying of the bladder is one of the best ways to prevent bladder infection.

K9 Carts dog cart

Dog cart from K9 Carts

CARTS

Mobility carts are especially important for the paralyzed dog who is strong in the front legs. A dog with a strong upper body will be able to run and exercise in a cart which is not only healthy but good psychologically as well. Carts are fitted according to specific measurements. For information direct from the manufactuers of some of these products, please visit www.k9carts.com (which was the first company to make these products available), www.doggon.comwww.eddieswheels.com and www.petstep.com for details and ordering.

PHYSICAL THERAPY

Muscles are more comfortable when kept flexible. As long as there are no dislocations or healing fractures, passive flexion and extension and light massage are very good for the paralyzed limbs. The joints of the leg are moved through the full range of natural motion and relaxed. This is repeated for about 5-10 minutes 2-3 times daily.

Towel walking is also helpful physical therapy in keeping muscles flexible and strong. To accomplish towel walking, an appropriately sized towel is slipped under the belly and used as a sling. The dog is lifted so as to walk relatively normally in the front with the towel as support in back. As an alternative to the towel, several gadgets are marketed, some of which are pictured here. For more information on these products and their manufacturers, visit our Products for Arthritic Dogs page.

Bottoms Up Leash small

walkabout front rear harness small

saddle support sling small

wallkabelly harness small

Keep in mind that a dog supported from the rear may be difficult to lead. A second person “steering” in front may be helpful.

Care of the downer dog requires commitment and dedication. If the dog is too big for one person to move, the effort is that much more. Still, for the right dog and human family, paralysis need not interrupt the bond. We hope this page is helpful in organizing care. If you have suggestions or other equipment or services you think might contribute to this subject, we would appreciate an eMail to facilitate possible future additions to this page.

To find a physical therapist for your pet, please use this link:

www.caninerehabinstitute.com/Find_A_Therapist.html

SUPPORT ON THE INTERNET

Here is the link to a Listserv Group for the owners of disabled dogs to discuss the care and love of their disabled dogs. This is a free Yahoo group that is designed to help answer questions and share stories of your disabled dogs.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/disableddogs/

Another useful web resource is:

www.handicappedpets.com

 

Page last updated: 1/16/2012