Mar Vista Animal Medical Center

3850 Grand View Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90066

(310)391-6741

www.marvistavet.com

FELINE LOWER URINARY TRACT DISEASE


(original graphic by marvistavet.com)

THE DISEASED LOWER URINARY TRACT YIELDS THE SAME COLLECTION OF SYMPTOMS REGARDLESS OF CAUSE.

  • bloody urine.
  • straining to urinate (can easily be mistaken for straining to defecate).
  • urinating in unusual places.
  • urinary blockage (almost exclusively a male cat problem).
  • licking the urinary opening (usually due to pain).

A cat with lower urinary tract disease may have some or even all of these signs.

It makes sense that effective treatment requires knowing the cause of the symptoms. The problem stems from the fact that just about any inflammatory condition in the feline lower urinary tract creates the same collection of signs. Tumor, infection, bladder stone etc. all create the same clinical picture.

THE TRICK IS DETERMINING THE CAUSE.

The urinary bladder, urethra, and urinary opening all constitute the lower urinary tract. It makes sense that effective treatment requires knowing the cause of the symptoms. The problem stems from the fact that just about any inflammatory condition in the feline lower urinary tract creates the same collection of signs. Tumor, infection, bladder stone etc. all create the same clinical picture.

WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES?

It turns out that the age of the cat is tremendously relevant regarding which underlying causes are most likely. If we look at all cats with lower urinary tract symptoms, here is what we find:

  • 50% will not have a cause which can be determined despite extensive testing (meaning they have what is called “idiopathic cystitis.”)
  • 20% will have bladder stones (females have a slightly higher incidence).
  • 20% will have a urethral blockage.
  • 1-5% will have a true urinary tract infection.
  • 1-5% will have a urinary tract cancer.
  • 1-5% will have had trauma to the urinary tract (i.e. have been hit by a car etc.)
  • 1-5% will have a combination of a bladder stone and an infection both.
  • The average age for symptoms is age 4 years.

(Photocredit: Morguefile.com)

If we separate out the cats that are 10 years of age or older and only look at them, a different statistical picture emerges:

  • 50% will have true urinary tract infections.
  • 10% will have bladder stones.
  • 17% will have a combination of infection and bladder stone.
  • 7% will have urethral blockage.
  • 3% will have urinary tract cancer.
  • 5% will not have a cause that can be determined despite extensive testing.
  • 66% will be in some stage of kidney failure.
  • 5% will have urinary incontinence.
(Photocredit: Public Domain Image via Wikimedia Commons)

SORTING OUT CAUSES

Testing is used to help sort patients into the correct group. A urinalysis is commonly performed. With a 50% incidence of infection in older cats, a urine culture would be extremely important for a cat age 10 or more but not as important for a younger cat. Radiographs to rule out bladder stones might be performed. Often testing is omitted for younger cats unless the symptoms become a recurring problem.

Notice the large percentage of young adult cats for whom no clear underlying cause can be identified. For these cats there are many theories on how to proceed as you will see from the links below.

This page represents an introduction to a syndrome that has many causes. Use the directory below to guide you to the area most appropriate for your own cat.

It is especially important to note that lower urinary symptoms in the male cat
can indicate a urinary blockage which is an emergency situation.
If you are not sure if your cat is able to express urine,
assume that an emergency could be present and call your veterinarian’s office at once.

 Page last updated: 9/15/2016